Unpublished Black History

Credit Don Hogan Charles/The New York Times

Malcolm X’s Close Call in Queens

Malcolm X was sleeping when firebombs crashed through his living room windows shortly before 3 in the morning. Jolted awake by the explosions, he rushed his wife and four young daughters out into the cold before fire engulfed their modest brick house in East Elmhurst, Queens.
We published an article about the attack on Feb. 15, 1965, and paired it with a photograph taken by a news agency that captured Malcolm X stepping out of his car, in front of his house. What our readers did not know was that one of our own photographers, Don Hogan Charles, had walked through the house, shooting powerful pictures of the damage. 

This stark image of the shattered windows, singed walls and sooty debris, shown here for the first time, offers a glimpse of the private life of a man who spent much of his time in the public eye. Malcolm X gave speeches in Manhattan, Detroit and other cities around the country and overseas. But he came home to Queens. 

The two-bedroom house at 23-11 97th Street, which was owned by the Nation of Islam, had a small living room, a dining room, a bathroom, a kitchen and a former utility room, where Malcolm X’s 5-month-old daughter slept in a crib. Few of the family’s possessions survived the blaze. Malcolm X, who told our reporter that he had been receiving daily threats, escaped that firebombing unscathed. He was assassinated one week later. 

Equitas Executive Director, Vincent Atchity, joins the newly formed Clinical Advisory Committee (CAC).

Equitas Executive Director, Vincent Atchity, joins the newly formed Clinical Advisory Committee (CAC) established by Colorado’s 18th Judicial District Wellness Court. The committee is comprised of doctors, clinicians, and Problem Solving Court experts who have working knowledge of major mental health conditions and substance use disorders and will provide clinical insight to the Wellness Court, ensure the highest standard of care in treatment and services, and provide guidance on treatment and service practices.

Equitas announces that in an effort led by Judge Bonnie McLean of Colorado’s 18th Judicial District, a Clinical Advisory Committee (CAC) has been established to provide clinical insight to the Wellness Court, ensure the highest standard of care in treatment and services, and provide guidance on treatment and service practices. McLean presides over a domestic court docket and is in charge of the district’s mental health, drug, and veterans’ treatment courts. She helped develop the first drug court in the Eighteenth Judicial District (which encompasses Arapahoe, Douglas, Elbert, and Lincoln counties). Prior to her appointment as a magistrate in 2006, McLean worked as a deputy district attorney in the Eighteenth Judicial District, where she was in charge of the juvenile delinquency unit.

The 18th Judicial District Wellness Court is a co-occurring Problem Solving Court. The goal of the Wellness Court is to increase public safety by reducing recidivism of offenders with co-occurring diagnosis through treatment and supervision. The court strives to ensure participant accountability, support recovery, and improve the quality of life for participants and their families with a cost effective, evidence-based integrated continuum of care.

Among those invited to join the CAC is Equitas Foundation Executive Director, Dr. Vincent Atchity. Equitas is pursuing a national strategy to unite influential allies in focusing their collective problem-solving energy on disentangling the nation’s costly and ineffective management of mental health crises from our criminal justice system.

Dr. Atchity joins a well-respected list of community leaders who have also agreed to serve on the Clinical Advisory Committee including:

        Dr. Patrick Fox, Chief Medical Officer at Colorado Department of Human Services
        Matt Vogel, Executive Director of the National Center for Behavioral Health Innovation – University of Colorado Health Sciences
        Dr. Libby Stuyt, Medical Director at Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo, Circle Program
        Dr. Rich Martinez, Director, Forensic Psychiatry Fellowship at University of Colorado
        Dr. Neil Gowensmith, Clinical Assistant Professor at Denver University and Director of Denver First
        Brenidy Rice, State Problem Solving Court Coordinator at the Office of the State Court Administrator
        Terri Hurst, Policy Coordinator at Colorado Criminal Justice Reform Coalition
        Lisa Thompson, Director of Housing First and Assertive Community Treatment at Colorado Coalition for the Homeless

The 18th Judicial District Wellness Court is currently undergoing a major overhaul to improve outcomes through treatment and support. The district is already looking to restructure its phase system as well as its sanctions and incentives to implement the most up-to-date, evidence-based research practices. Some of the biggest upcoming changes to this program will be to treatment, case management, and community supervision.

While judicial districts all over the United States have begun to implement Wellness Courts, or other-named equivalents, in order to provide supervised treatment, recovery, and reintegration as an alternative to extended periods of incarceration, there is great variation in practice from court to court. The 18th Judicial District Wellness Court’s Clinical Advisory Committee and the Equitas Foundation will work to identify the best practices that ensure the efficacy of Judge McLean’s corrective and healing work in Colorado, and that may be shared with other communities doing similar work across the nation.

About Equitas
Equitas was founded in 2013 by the David & Laura Merage Foundation. Through the exploration and dissemination of best practices, Equitas promotes collaboration, innovation, and systems change to benefit people with mental disorders and brain challenges in the criminal justice system. For more information, visit http://www.merage-equitas.org.

Unpublished Black History

Credit George Tames/The New York Times

A Pilgrimage for Equal Rights

Thousands came, from 30 states, to the Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on May 17, 1957. They wanted more, and faster, action on civil rights issues and to look back and forward on the third anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education.
In a speech to the crowd that day, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. described that landmark Supreme Court decision as “a joyous daybreak to end the long night of enforced segregation.” 

But even then, it was clear that segregation in schools would outlast its historic defeat in the courts, in part because efforts to put the ruling in effect were weak or nonexistent. 

“The Supreme Court’s decision is not self-enforcing,” said an article in The New York Times Magazine a few weeks after the pilgrimage, “and instead of spelling the end of an era of civil-rights litigation, it has marked the beginning of a new and even more bitter phase.”

The photograph above seemed to capture perfectly the mood of the time: No one in the picture looks satisfied or triumphant. But our article that day relied only on words. No photographs were included. 

Unpublished Black History

Credit Sam Falk/The New York Times

For Lena Horne, a Home at Last

She was one of the most famous performers in the country, a recording star, a Hollywood actress and a nightclub sensation.
But in the late 1950s, Lena Horne still struggled to find property owners in Manhattan who were willing to sell co-ops or condominiums to African-Americans, even very wealthy ones.

So how exactly did she snare the penthouse apartment, featured in this photograph, at 300 West End Avenue on Manhattan’s Upper West Side? With the help of a good friend, Harry Belafonte. 

Back in 1958, Mr. Belafonte, who was the first recording artist to sell more than a million LPs, was turned away from one Manhattan apartment after another. And he was furious. So he sent his publicist, who was white, to rent a four-bedroom apartment in the building at 300 West End Avenue. His publicist passed on the paperwork, and Mr. Belafonte signed the one-year lease in his own name.

Within hours of moving in, Mr. Belafonte said, the building’s manager “became aware that he had a Negro as a tenant.” The building’s owner asked him to leave. Mr. Belafonte refused. 

Instead, he bought the building, using dummy real estate companies to cloak his identity. Some tenants who had been renting there bought their apartments and some of Mr. Belafonte’s friends moved in, too. “Lena Horne got the penthouse,” said Mr. Belafonte, who described the real estate deal in his memoir, “My Song: A Memoir of Art, Race and Defiance.” 

By Dec. 17, 1964, when this photograph was taken by our photographer, Sam Falk, Ms. Horne and her husband, Lennie Hayton, a white composer and conductor, were comfortably settled in. She was hanging Christmas decorations that day as she prepared for the debut of her television show, “Lena.” 

In the article that ran 10 days later, accompanied by a different photograph, a close-up, she mentioned her difficulties in finding an apartment, but not the back story to where she had landed. 

“Lennie and I lived in hotels for years while we were on the road,” said Ms. Horne, who was 47 then. “And then we went through the hysteria of trying to find an apartment – all those stupid problems – and when we finally found a place that would admit both me and Lennie, we put our roots down.”

Unpublished Black History

Allyn Baum/The New York Times

An Introduction: Photographing Martin Luther King Jr.

Hundreds of stunning images from black history, drawn from old negatives, have long been buried in the musty envelopes and crowded bins of the New York Times archives. 

None of them was published by The Times until now.
Were the photos — or the people in them — not deemed newsworthy enough? Did the images not arrive in time for publication? Were they pushed aside by words here at an institution long known as the Gray Lady? 

As you scroll through the images, each will take you back: To the charred wreckage of Malcolm X’s house in Queens, just hours after it was bombed. To the Lincoln Memorial, where thousands of African-American protesters gathered, six years before the March on Washington. To Lena Horne’s elegant penthouse on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. To a city sidewalk where schoolgirls jumped rope, while the writer Zora Neale Hurston cheered them on, behind the scenes. 

Photographers for The Times captured all of these scenes, but then the pictures and negatives were filed in our archives, where they sat for decades. 

This month, we present a robust selection for the very first time.
Every day during Black History Month, we will publish at least one of these photographs online, illuminating stories that were never told in our pages and others that have been mostly forgotten. 

Among them are images of confrontations between the police and demonstrators, including a rally that erupted in violence after the assassination of Medgar Evers, the civil rights leader. 

There are pioneers in Hollywood and hip-hop and in the ballpark, as well as ordinary people savoring daily life. And there are prominent figures, such as James Baldwin and the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in photographs with stories of their own. 

Consider the close-up of Dr. King above. It is the only photo in this project that has been previously published; it has appeared many times over the past 50 years, as the backside of the print clearly shows, and it looks as if it might have been taken during a formal sitting. 

But it was shot during the summer of 1963 on a day when black protesters hurled eggs at Dr. King as he arrived at a church in Harlem. Earlier that day, he criticized black nationalists, saying that those who called for a separate black state were “wrong.” Some believed that those remarks inspired the attack that night.

Our photographer snapped Dr. King’s picture as he participated in a round table that was broadcast on NBC. The photo below, unpublished until now, captured that discussion. (Click on the image for a larger view, and to scroll through the other photos.)

Credit Allyn Baum/The New York Times

Sometime later, an editor cropped one of those images from the NBC appearance to create the head shot of Dr. King that is now so familiar and so disconnected from the tumultuous events of that day.
Many of these photographs, and their stories, are equally intriguing. But the collection is far from comprehensive. There are gaps, for many reasons.

We had a small staff of photographers — the first was hired sometime after 1910 — and nearly all of them were based in New York City. As a result, most staff photographs depicted events in New York and places nearby, though The Times also bought pictures from freelancers and studios in other parts of the country and overseas. (The Times’s picture agency, Wide World News Photo Service, which had staff members in London, Berlin and elsewhere, was sold to The Associated Press in 1941.) 

More than now, we also put a premium back then on words, not pictures, which meant that many photographs that were taken were never published.

But other holes in coverage probably reflect the biases of some earlier editors at our news organization, long known as the newspaper of record. They and they alone determined who was newsworthy and who was not, at a time when black people were marginalized in society and in the media.

In our archive of roughly five million prints, after weeks of searching, we could not find a single staff photograph of W.E.B. Du Bois; of Romare Bearden, one of the country’s pre-eminent artists; or of Richard Wright, the influential author of “Native Son” and “Black Boy.” (The Times did publish a handful of photographs of these men taken by freelancers, friends or private studios.) 

Unpublished Black History

Credit The New York Times

A Jackie Robinson Mystery


It was 1949, the year Jackie Robinson would bat .342 for the Brooklyn Dodgers and receive the National League’s Most Valuable Player Award, just 31 months after becoming the first black player in the major leagues.
But on Feb. 14, before the season started, before the crowds poured into Ebbets Field, Mr. Robinson spoke to the Sociology Society at City College in New York.
This photograph, unpublished until now, documents the moment, with the students leaning forward to hear him speak. But what was he discussing? The photo caption offers only a hint, saying that Mr. Robinson was speaking about “his work with Harlem boys’ groups.”

We know that Mr. Robinson coached children at the YMCA in Harlem a year earlier, to help, as he put it, “keep them off the streets.” And it is easy to imagine how his successes and struggles would have resonated with African-American boys and teenagers at a time when racial discrimination was rife. “I had to fight hard against loneliness, abuse and the knowledge that any mistake I made would be magnified because I was the only black man out there,” Mr. Robinson wrote in his memoir, “I Never Had It Made: An Autobiography of Jackie Robinson,” describing those early years with the Dodgers.

But The New York Times didn’t publish an article about the ballplayer’s visit to City College that day. So this morning we turned to you for help.

Several readers (from Brooklyn, San Francisco and elsewhere) pointed us to City College’s undergraduate newspaper, “The Campus,“ which published an article about Mr. Robinson’s speech to students on Feb. 18, 1949. 

The article said that Mr. Robinson had spent five months, during his off-season, working with underprivileged children at the YMCA in Harlem. “I’ve learned more from the kids than they’ve learned from me,” said Mr. Robinson, who described his work to members of the Sociology Society, adding that it had given him “great satisfaction.” 

Please enter your new password: [via Cacciatre]


"cabbage" Sorry, the password must be more than 8 characters.

 "boiled cabbage"

 Sorry, the password must contain 1 numerical character.

 "1 boiled cabbage"

 Sorry, the password cannot have blank spaces.


 Sorry, the password must contain at least one upper case character.


 Sorry, the password cannot use more than one upper case character consecutively.


 Sorry, the password cannot contain punctuation.


 Sorry, that password is already in use.

Fifteen New Words in Dictionary [David Adashek]

Auto-Tune or auto-tune vt (verb transitive) (2003): a proprietary signal processor, to adjust or alter (a recording of a voice) with Auto-Tune software or other audio-editing software, especially to correct sung notes that are out of tune

cap-and-trade adj (1995): relating to or being a system that caps the amount of carbon emissions a given company may produce but allows it to buy rights to produce additional emissions from a company that does not use the equivalent amount of its own allowance

catfish n (1612): (second definition) a person who sets up a false personal profile on a social networking site for fraudulent or deceptive purposes

crowdfunding n (2006): the practice of soliciting financial contributions from a large number of people, especially from the online community

dubstep n (2002): a type of electronic dance music having prominent bass lines and syncopated drum patterns

fangirl n (1934): a girl or woman who is an extremely or overly enthusiastic fan of someone or something

freegan n (2006): an activist who scavenges for free food (as in waste receptacles at stores and restaurants) as a means of reducing consumption of resources

gamification n (2010): the process of adding games or gameline elements to something (as a task) so as to encourage participation

hashtag n (2008): a word or phrase preceded by the symbol # that classifies or categorizes the accompanying text, such as a tweet

selfie n (2002): an image of oneself taken by oneself using a digital camera, especially for posting on social networks

social networking n (1998): the creation and maintenance of personal and business relationships, especially online

steampunk n (1987) science fiction dealing with 19th-century societies dominated by historical or imagined steam-powered technology

turducken n (1982): a boneless chicken stuffed into a boneless duck stuffed into a boneless turkey

tweep n (2008): a person who uses the Twitter online message service to send and receive tweets

Yooper n (1977): a native or resident of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan — used as a nickname

Happy New Year!!
"No matter how much or little money you have flowing through your life, when you direct that flow with soulful purpose, you feel wealthy. You feel vibrant and alive when you use your money in a way that represents you, not just as a response to the market economy, but also as an expression of who you are. When you let your money move to things you care about, your life lights up. That's really what money is for." --- Lynne Twist "The Soul of Money"

Your Donation's Impact

Thanks to your generous support, YGB continues to grow at about 35% per year and was able to achieve these milestones in 2015. With your generous support, we can definitely do more in 2016.
  1. Nearly 300 mothers are supported with micro loans in West Bengal, with 91.18% loans repaid, and 90% average increase in monthly income.

  2. 285 daughters of these micro loan recipients receive education funds to stay in elementary and junior schools to avoid early child marriage.

  3. 50 destitute girl high school students were funded with SHE (Scholarship for Higher Education) in rural West Bengal as well as 35 teen boy and girl students in Chamarajanagar, Karnataka with five year scholarship for them to achieve college degrees.

  4. Twenty-one orphaned children are fully supported for education and cared life at Deenabandhu Trust Home, Karnataka.

  5. One student graduated from the Dental Medical College and entered a post graduate course to become a dental surgeon in Bangalore.
Read more about these success stories at YGB's Blog.

Popular and Impactful YGB Membership!
Become a proud YGB member!! Starting with $15 a month, you can lift up many lives in India. Just register for an easy monthly recurring payment here. We will send you an original membership certificate, as well as listing you on the YGB membership list.


Honorary Member, YGB Ambassador Kathleen Kastner, Encinitas, California

Watch short YGB FILMS to learn more about YGB programs and true stories of our fund recipients in India!!

Exciting News: 

Just two more weeks to give just ONE class for the most successful Annual Global "Thank You Mother India"!!

Thanks to many events and donations from all over the world since September, our annual global campaign "Thank You Mother India," has raised over $70,000 so far. Thank you, everyone. If you have not taken part yet, this is your chance! Host just one event, donate or become a sponsor before January 31. Register your event here, which will be promoted globally by YGB's social media!! Check out many global events already happening or scheduled.

Welcome New Advisors and Ambassadors!

AdvisorsDavidMallika Chopra,
Founder of Intent and The Chopra Well,
Santa Monica, CA
 Alessandra Suzy Shelton,
Freelance Business Consultant
Santa Monica, CA
AmbassadorsStephDiane Magnette,
Santa Monica, CA
 StephDana Blonde,
Calgary, Canada
Yoga Shala Calgary

These new Ambassadors are hosting fundraiser events this month. Thank you. Diane Magnette is hosting Yoga Gives Back/Diane's Birthday Celebration @ Maha Yoga, Brentwood, California. Saturday, January 16th, 5:45pm. To register, please email info@mahayoga.com. Dana Blonde is donating 100% from her five karma classes every Saturday in January @ Yoga Shala Calgary.

Tank Eat well for A Great Cause!!! YGB Benefit Week by eLOVate Kitchen in Santa Monica, through January 17th!! Just show this flyer or mention Yoga Gives Back at the restaurant when placing order, and eLOVate will donate a portion to YGB and you will receive a famous coconut magic bar with home made ice-cream!!

Thank you for these recent events and upcoming events!! 



1st: 108 Hatha Surya Namaskar Charity Challenge @ Spirit Yoga, Osaka, Jpaan YGB Ambassador Haidar Ali hosted this fundraiser event.

2nd: Pay What You Wish Yoga @ Singapore YGB Ambassador Wendy Chan's special series of classes continues.

10th: Timji and Friends New Moon Kirtan @ Ashtanga Yoga Center, Carlsbad, California Tim Miller and Friends lead a special Kirtan session.

10th: YGB Thailand Launch Event @ Orion Retreat Center, Koh Samui YGB Ambassador Anouk Prop and friends host special Sunset event.

12th: Special Fundraiser Class @ Golden Bridge, Santa Monica, CA Gurumukh, Normandie and Onkar teach special 2 hour Kundanlini class with eLOVate refreshments.

16th: Fundraiser Yoga Class @ Pranava Yoga, Strathmore, Canada Owner Becky Stone hosts its first YGB event.

23rd: The Anniversary Fundraiser @ The Life Center Islington, London, UK Oasis of Sound Anne Malone and Soulful Vinyasa teacher Tanja Mickwitz (YGB Ambassador) lead a special session.


March 3-6, San Diego, California: Ashtanga Yoga Confluence YGB is honored to be the beneficiary of the globally renowned event once again, where Ashtanga Yoga Confluence, Inc. donates its proceeds to YGB as well as hosting a YGB Presentation on the 5th 1:30 - 1:45 pm. 

Yoga Gives Back Presentation with Founder/President Kayoko Mitsumatsu. This presentation will show the newest exciting short film that documents how the programs implemented by this Los Angeles based non-profit organization are making a difference in many lives in India. This session follows right after Women's Panel Discussion with Diana Christinson, Kathy Cooper, Dena Kingsberg, Leigha Nicole and Mary Taylor moderated by Shelley Washington (lecture/discussion/Q&A) 

Thank you for all the past and future events,
which make a real difference one class at a time!! 

Yoga Gives Back

Slow Life (not color enhanced) [via Nina Reznick]

Slow Life from BioQuest Studios on Vimeo.

 "Slow" marine animals show their secret life under high magnification. Corals and sponges build coral reefs and play crucial roles in the biosphere, yet we know almost nothing about their daily lives. These animals are actually very mobile creatures. However their motion is only detectable at different time scales compared to ours and requires time lapses to be seen.



This is bizarre - after you find the guy - it's so obvious.
Once you find him  you think, "Why didn't I see him immediately?"

Doctors have concluded that if you find the man in the coffee beans in 3 seconds, the right half of your brain is better developed than most people. If you find the man between 3 seconds and 1 minute, the right half of the brain is developed normally. If you find the man between 1 minute and 3 minutes, then the right half of your brain is functioning slowly and you need to eat more protein. If you have not found the man after 3 minutes, the advice is to look for more of this type of exercise to make that part of the brain stronger! And yes, the man is really there!

After you find the man in the beans forward the e-mail to your brainy friends.....

One of all time favorites: SLOMO! [via Cacciatre]

SLOMO from Josh Izenberg on Vimeo.

 Disillusioned with his life, Dr. John Kitchin abandons his career as a neurologist and moves to Pacific Beach. There, he undergoes a radical transformation into SLOMO, trading his lab coat for a pair of rollerblades and his IRA for a taste of divinity.

1,400-Year-Old Gingko Tree Sheds a Spectacular Ocean of Golden Leaves [via Nina Reznick]

Once a year, this towering 1,400-year-old tree showcases a transition into fall in a spectacular way—its thousands of leaves change into a radiant shade of gold. Located within the walls of the Gu Guanyin Buddhist Temple, in the Zhongnan Mountain region of China, this brilliant autumnal display attracts tourists from all over the world. As the leaves fall and create a vibrant ocean of gold, visitors leap at the opportunity to capture photos of the colourful carpet.

Thought to be planted for Emperor Li Shimin, the founding father of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), this famous tree draws in people from all over China. The gingko tree—also known as a maidenhair tree—is an ancient species that is native to China. Besides the magical yellow colour that it adopts in the fall, this particular species of tree is also wonderfully useful, serving as a source of food and equipped with various medical benefits that are recognized in traditional Eastern medicine.

This particularly impressive millennia-old Gingko tree is certainly popular, but as a species this tree is also widely respected for its wealth of benefits and ancient ties to the region.

via [Colossal]

The Earth is Poop Deprived! [via Nina Reznick]

 A diagram showing how animal poop moves nutrients around the ecosystem (numbers are in kilograms).

Whales and other deep-diving marine mammals feed deep in the ocean and poop up high, moving nutrients upward through the water column. Seabirds and spawning fish transfer nutrients from sea to shore. Megafauna such as moose move nutrients as they graze and poop, creating a natural manure fertilizer. Grey animals represent the loss of megafauna that once contributed to this nutrient cycle. (Numbers in kilograms.)  Credit: PNAS/Renate Helmiss

Earth has a problem: not enough poop.

The extinction of megafauna both at land and at sea has led to a shortage of mega manure, new research finds. As a result, the planet's composting and nutrient-recycling system is broken.
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"This broken global cycle may weaken ecosystem health, fisheries and agriculture," study researcher Joe Roman, a biologist at the University of Vermont, said in a statement.

Missing manure

Unappetizing as it may seem, poop is an effective way to spread nutrients around. Now-extinct animals such as mammoths, mastodons and giant sloths were once extremely effective at fertilizing the soil; today, though, those huge land animals are extinct. As a result, natural poop-fertilization by land animals has dropped to 8 percent of what it was at the end of the last ice age, Roman and his colleagues report today (Oct. 26) in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The situation is even worse in the ocean, where nutrient transport via pooping is estimated at a mere 5 percent of historic values. Humans have hunted large whales down to just 34 percent of the animals' former populations (some estimates put current whale numbers as low as 1 percent of their pre-whaling levels), the researchers wrote.

These deep-diving animals' feces spread the nutrient phosphorous around the ocean, so declines in numbers result in a fall in nutrient transport. In particular, whales feed deep in the ocean, but defecate their nutrient-rich waste in shallower water. This means that those nutrients aren't lost to the ocean sediment. Overall, the researchers found, the ability of whales and other marine mammals to transport phosphorous is down 77 percent from before the days of widespread hunting.

These numbers are particularly dire in some regions. In the North Atlantic Ocean, for example, the nutrient-transport ability of whales is 14 percent of its historical value, the researchers found. In the North Pacific Ocean, it's 10 percent; in the Southern Ocean, it's a paltry 2 percent.

Likewise, the loss of nutrient transport from land animals is uneven. In Africa, where huge animals like elephants still live, nutrient transport from manure is at 46 percent of what it was about a million years ago. On all other continents, the number is less than 5 percent, with South America at a mere 1 percent of its original capacity.

From sea to land

Poop is also an effective way to move nutrients from sea to land. Seabirds pluck fish from the ocean, then come back to nesting sites and poop copiously (penguin poop stains can even be seen from space). Another form of nutrient transport from sea to land comes in the form of dead fish. Salmon and other species that swim upstream into rivers to spawn and then die are called anadromous fish. Their rotting bodies become part of the terrestrial ecosystem.

But both the collapse of fisheries and the fall in seabird numbers have endangered this sea-to-land pipeline. Phosphorous movement via both bird poop and dead fish is down an estimated 96 percent, Roman and his colleagues found.

The researchers made these estimates using mathematical models based on historical estimates, along with current species populations and ranges from the International Union for Conservation of Nature. However, the scientists could not prove that the missing poop has led to declines in the fertility of the land; the data to determine that simply do not exist, the researchers wrote. However, the findings suggest that a decline in fertility in some regions is likely, the scientists added.

"Previously, animals were not thought to play an important role in nutrient movement," study researchers Christopher Doughty, an ecologist at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, said in the statement. However, this misunderstanding may have arisen for a good reason: By the time humans started studying nutrient transport, most of the large, important mammals that played this role were gone.

"This once was a world that had 10 times more whales; 20 times more anadromous fish, like salmon; double the number of seabirds; and 10 times more large herbivores — giant sloths and mastodons and mammoths," Roman said. Domesticated animals, like cattle, are too fenced in and concentrated to play this role, the researchers found.

Conservation measures could be put in place to restore this odiferous transport system, Roman said. Larger bison herds could be re-established on the Great Plains in the United States, for example, and marine protections strengthened for large ocean-goers, he said.

"We can imagine a world with relatively abundant whale populations again," Roman said.

Read more at Live Science

Lost in the Fifties- Another Time, Another Place [David Angsten]

Take a trip in time back to the Fifties and relive the culture, the icons and everyday life that made it a very special time. Also a brief look at the racism and McCarthyism that marked the era..

Rosemary Serluca Foster's feature article published in Natural Awakenings magazine.

I am excited to share that my feature article, "Intuitive Body Reading: Getting to the Core of Emotional and Physical Issues," was published in Natural Awakenings magazine.

Discover how this uniquely restorative method works at a deep energetic level to stimulate spontaneous and authentic healing.

Click here to read the article.

Visit rosedovehealing.com to learn more about Intuitive Body Reading sessions and my other services:
  • Energy Healing
  • Craniosacral Combo
  • Couples Restorative
  • Medical Astrology
"Rosemary was able to intuitively read me as if I was a clear piece of plastic. I had been stuck for years and in just one session she was able to help me begin to shift in a way I didn't think was possible."  --Barbara F., New York, NY.

Wishing you optimum health and healing,
Rosemary Serluca Foster
Certified Healing Practioner
Intuitive Body Reading
& Energy Healing


Medical Astrology

Couples Restorative